Vaccine Information

Widespread in Central America, Africa and Asia, cholera is a potentially fatal bacterial infection caused by consuming contaminated food or water. Further information »
is a potentially fatal contagious bacterial infection that mainly affects the nose and throat, and sometimes the skin. Further information »
is a liver infection caused by a virus that's spread in the faecal matter of an infected person. This disease is often caught via infected food and water and is common across in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America. Further information »
Infection of the liver caused by a virus that's spread through blood and body fluids. This can be serious and long-lasting which occasionally lead to liver damage that is often fatal.Further information »
An acute viral infection of the respiratory tract. Influenza virus has 3 types: A, B, C. Strains responsible for clinical illness is A and B. It is highly infectious with an incubation period of 1 to 3 days. For healthy individuals, recovery is usually within 2 to 7 days but the illness may be complicated and may present as bronchitis, pneumonia, or in children, otitis media (ear infection) can occur. Further information »
is a viral brain infection spread through mosquito bites. Illness ranges from asymptomatic infection, but 1 in 250 cases is estimated to be clinically evident with high mortality rate and severe neurological damage in survivors (approximately 30%) (PHE Green Book Halstead et al., 2008).Further information »
Is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes caused by plasmodium parasite. If left undiagnosed and untreated, it can be fatal. Further information »
Measles is a very infectious viral illness that is spread by coughs and sneezes. Measles can be highly contagious, and there is chance of being infected if you are not protected. 1 in 5000 people with measles is likely to die. Mumps is also a viral illness that is spread by coughs and sneezes or close contact with someone who already has the infection. Rubella is another viral illness, also called as German Measles. There is no treatment and cure for these illness but there are medications to relieve the symptoms. Further information »
Is a serious infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It is usually caused by bacterial or viral infection. Bacterial is more serious than viral meningitis. Humans are the only known reservoir for Neisseria meningitidis (also known as the meningococcus). Five groups of bacteria (A, B, C, W, and Y) are responsible for nearly all serious meningococcus infection. The infection can cause severe brain damage and is fatal in 50% of cases if untreated. Further information »
A respiratory infection caused by streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria which can range from mild to severe. There are more than 90 strains of streptococcus bacteria, some of which cause more serious infection than others. Further information »
Poliomyelitis is a viral disease with one of the polio virus types invading the gastro-intestinal tract and affects the nervous tissue which can lead to paralysis. Further information »
Is a viral encephalomyelitis caused by rabies virus. The onset of illness is gradual but there is no specific treatment other than supportive care once clinical symptoms develop. Rabies is almost always fatal, death resulting from respiratory paralysis. Worldwide, more than 55,000 people die of rabies each year (WHO, 2010). Further information »
Is an infection of skin and nerve around it, which is caused by varicella-zoster virus that also causes chicken pox. It's estimated that around 1 in every 4 people will have at least one episode of shingles during their life. Shingles is not usually serious but complications such as meningitis,encephalitis, permanent vision problem if left untreated can happen. Further information »
Disease caused by tetanus toxin, released following infection by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. The bacteria can enter the body through a wound or cut in the skin. They are commonly found in soil, saliva, dust and manure of horses and cows. Tetanus bacteria can survive for a long time outside the body, it can be fatal if left untreated. The case–fatality ratio ranges from 10 to 90%; it is highest in infants and the elderly. Further information »
Tick Borne Encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infection spread to humans by bite of a tick which is a small spider-like parasite. The virus is maintained in nature by small mammals, domestic livestock and certain species of birds. There is currently no cure for this disease so management is to relieve symptoms. Further information »
Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by the gram-negative bacterium (Salmonella enterica, subspecies enterica, serotype typhi) that penetrates the intestine, replicates and enter the bloodstream. The Salmonella bacteria only colonise humans. The case fatality rate is less than 1% if promptly treated with antibiotic therapy but mortality rate can be as high as 20% if untreated. Strains of S. typhi have become increasingly resistant to antibiotics, particularly in South Asia (Threlfall and Ward, 2001). In 2000, the global incidence of typhoid fever was estimated to be 21.7 million with 216,510 deaths per year. Further information »
is an acute, infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and is most commonly seen in children under 10 years old. Adults can also have chicken pox if they have not had it when they were a child. Most people with chickenpox will make a full recovery but serious complication can occur in adults, pregnant women, newborn babies and people with weakened immune systems. Further information »
is a highly infectious disease that is usually caused by Bordetella pertussis. This primarily affects infants and young children although it may also affect older children and adults. It can be life-threatening especially for babies. Further information »